India is not, as you may imagine, a distant strange, at the very utmost a curious country. India for the future belongs to Europe, it has its place in the Indo-European world, it has its place in our own history and in what is the very life of history, the history of the human mind.
You know how some of the best talents and the noblest genius of our age have been devoted to the study of the development of the outward or material world, the growth of the earth, the first appearance of the living cells, their combination and differentiation leading upto the beginning of organic life, and its steady progress from the lowest to the highest stages. Is there not an ‘intellectual world’ also which has to be studied in its historical development, from the first appearance of predictive and demonstrative roots, their combination and differentiation, leading upto the beginning of rational thought in its steady progress from the lowest to the highest stages? And in that study of the history of the human mind, in that study of ourselves, of our true selves, India occupies a place second to no other country. Whatever sphere of the human mind you may select for your special study, whether it be language, or religion, or mythology, or philosophy, whether it be laws or customs, primitive art or primitive science, everywhere you have to go to India, whether you like it or not, because some of the most valuable and most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India, and in India only.
What position does India occupy in the study of the history of the human mind.