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Emotional Intelligence

Many of us are aware of IQ (Intelligence Quotient) an individual’s score when performing a series of tests designed to measure intellectual intelligence.  Higher IQs indicate better cognitive abilities - these include the ability to learn and understand - and people with higher IQs are more likely to do well academically, without exerting the same amount of mental effort as those with lower IQ scores. A logical assumption, therefore, is that people with higher IQs will be more successful at work and through life.  This assumption has been proven incorrect – there is more to success than simply being ‘clever’.

Emotional Intelligence (EI or EQ – Emotional Quotient) is a more modern concept and was only fully developed in the mid-1990s.  Emotional Intelligence is the measure of an individual’s abilities to recognise and manage their emotions, and the emotions of other people, both individually and in groups. 

Some people have high IQs and low EQs and vice-versa; some people score highly on both and some do not.   Both IQ and EQ attempt to measure different forms of human intelligence, these measures along with personality make up an individual’s psyche.  Emotional intelligence is the one part of the human psyche that we can develop and improve by learning and practising new skills.  You can learn more about these skills from the many pages here at SkillsYouNeed.  IQ and personality are more static measures and likely to stay quite constant through life. 

You can find many different tests to help you measure your IQ, EQ and personality online and in books.  EQ tests require that the person taking the test answers questions honestly and it is therefore a lot easier to ‘cheat’ at an EQ test than it is an IQ test.  Ultimately EQ can only be measured by how an individual progresses through life - developing meaningful relationships with others, their interpersonal skills and understanding and managing their own emotions, intra-personal (or personal) skills.

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