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Measures For Solving The Population Problem

India was the first country in the world to have adopted family planning as a formal programme. The programme was undertaken on a modest scale during the first decade of planning. Initially, clinical approach was adopted to provide services to those who were so motivated.


In 1966, a full-fledged department of family planning was created. The approach adopted was ‘Cafeteria approach’ which offered different contraceptives to the people. They had the freedom to choose any of the methods so offered. Extensive use of media i.e., radio, television, newspapers etc., was made to popularize the various contraceptives. In the Fifth Plan, there was a major shift in strategy of the Government towards population. It was felt that to wait for education and economic development to bring down a drop in fertility rat was not a practical solution. Very increase in population made economic development slow. So a direct attach upon the problem was made. It was decided to convert vertical programme workers into multipurpose workers who were required to pay special attention to family planning work. As a consequence, New National Population Policy was announced in 1976.

The policy contained the follow steps:

  1. Raising the age of marriage of 18 years for girls and 21 years for boys. The children born to married women respond more to measure for controlling birth rate than illiterate women.
  2. To take measure to raise the level of female education because studies have shown that literate women respond more to measures for controlling birth rate than illiterate women.
  3. To introduce in the education system the virtues of small family and how it helps the cause of national and social welfare.
  4. To offer a monetary incentive for voluntary sterilization.
  5. To make family planning a mass movement by involving various community groups lie Zila Parishads, Panchayat Samities, Co-operative Societies and trade unions at the grass roots levels.
  6. To vigorously accelerate the drive of family planning through mass communication media.

The implementors of the policy misused the power given to them and coerced the people to adopt family planning. Many-a-times, they forcefully sterilized people. This created a terror among the people and they started abhorring family planning.


People were so affected that they overthrew the then ruling party. Experience during the Fifth Plan once again showed that the family planning programme couldn’t be a substitute for the social and economic measures to solve the problem of over pollution. Therefore, in the Sixth Plan, once again the emphasis shifted from coercive methods to voluntary methods. The Seventh Plan and plans there after also stressed voluntary adoption of the family planning programme.



  1. Make school, education free and compulsory upto age 14 yrs.
  2. Reduce infant mortilty rate to below 30/1000 live birth
  3. Reduce maternal mortility rate to 100/100000 live birth
  4. Achieve universal immunization of children against all vaccine preventable diseases.
  5. Promote delayed marriage for girl.
  6. Achieve universal access to information ,and services for fertility regularization and contraceptive with a wide basket of choices.
  7. Prevent and control communicable diseases.
  8. Achieve 100 % registration of birth, death ,marriage ,pregnancy.

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