- Unemployment refers to a situation when a person is able and willing to work but does not get opportunity to work.
- The various types of unemployment include: Cyclical unemployment, seasonal unemployment, technological unemployment, frictional unemployment, disguised unemployment, underemployment, structural unemployment, educated unemployment, etc.
- Unemployment is found both in the rural and the urban areas.
- Labour force consists of all those persons who are fit to work, willing to work and available for the work.
- Unemployment rate is defined as the number of persons unemployed per thousand persons in the labour force.
- Unemployment is measured on the basis of Usual Principal Status (UPS), Current Weekly Status (CWS), and Current Daily Status (CDS).
- The main causes of unemployment include: slow growth of agricultural sector, industrial sickness, rapid increase in population, educational system and attitude of persons.
- Suggested remedies for the removal of unemployment include: growth of agriculture and industry, infrastructure, trade and other services and special programmes for employment generation.