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Government measures for solving the problem of population

Population growth should not be left un tackled. The Government should plan and regulate it in tune with the needs of the economy and society. In a developing country like India, if population growth is not controlled, the impact of the same is going to be huge and adverse. In order to encourage two-child norm and stabilizing population, the Government adopted the National Population Policy (NPP-2000). The following are the objectives of NPP.


  • Make school education up to the age of 14 free and compulsory
  • Reduce dropouts at primary and secondary school levels to below 20% for both, boys and girls


  • Address the unmet needs for basic reproductive and child health services, supplies and infrastructure
  • Reduce infant mortality rate to below 30 per 1,000 live births
  • Reduce maternal mortality ratio to below 100 per 1,00,000 live births
  • Achieve universal immunization of children against all vaccine preventable diseases
  • Prevent and control communicable diseases
  • Integrate Indian System of Medicine (ISM) in the provision of reproductive and child health services and in reaching out to households


  • Promote delayed marriage for girls to not earlier than 18 years of age and preferably after 20 years of age
  • Achieve universal access to information and services for fertility regularization and contraception with a wide basket of choices
  • Achieve 100% registration of births, deaths, marriages and pregnancies
  • Bring about convergence in implementation of related social sector programs so that family welfare becomes a people centered program

Note: Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) refers to the number of maternal deaths per 1,00,000 live births. Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) refers to the number of infants dying before the age of one, per 1,000 live births. As per 2010 data, IMR in India is highest in Madhya Pradesh (62) and lowest in Kerala (13).

Tenth plan targets

The tenth plan targeted a reduction in IMR to 45 per 1,000 by 2007 and 28 per 1000 by 2012 and a reduction in MMR to 2 per 1,000 live births by 2007 and 1 per 1,000 live births by 2012 and a reduction in decadal growth rate of the population between 2001-2011 to 16.2%. However, it is unlikely that the targets set would be achieved on time. For instance, IMR is still very high at 44 (2011). Similarly, MMR is also quite high at 2.12 (2009).

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