Conservation of Forest and Wildlife in India
Conservation of forest and wildlife means measures taken to preserve and protect forests and wildlife. As we know forests and wildlife are very essential for the existence of mankind and the depletion of forests and extinction of wildlife is a cause for concern.
- Conservation preserves the ecological diversity and natural resources like water, air and soil.
- It preserves the genetic diversity of plants
- Conservation of forest and wildlife help in the growth of animal species and in their breeding.
In the year, 1972, the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act was implemented. It made protecting specific habitats as law. A list of wildlife species that had to be protected was published and hunting these animals was against the law.
National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries were set up in many states to protect endangered species.
The Kashmir stag, three types of crocodiles, the Asiatic lion, the Indian elephant, black buck, the great Indian bustard and the snow leopard are protected under several projects initiated by the Central Government of India. These animals are protected against hunting and trading.
Under the Wildlife Act of 1980 and 1986, several insects have also been included in the list of protected species. Butterflies, moths, beetles, dragonflies and even certain plants are included in the protected list.