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Vanishing Forests


More than 19 percent of the total area of India is covered by forests.

  • Dense forests - 11.48 %
  • Open forests - 7.76%
  • Mangrove forests - 0.15 %

Due to the government efforts of a forestation forest cover has increased in recent years.

Existing animal and plant life can be categorized as follows

    • Normal Species
    • Endangered Species
    • Vulnerable Species
    • Rare Species
    • Endemic Species
    • Extinct Species
 
Pine                  Rodents
Cattle
 


Cattle, sal, pine and rodents are called normal species as their population is normal.

  • Endangered Species
 
                                   Black buck            Lion tailed macaque                          


The black buck, crocodile, Indian wild ass, Indian rhino, lion tailed macaque are some of the endangered species. Their population is fast declining and is in the danger of extinction.

 

  • Vulnerable Species
 
Asiatic Elephant
 
Gangetic dolphin


The blue sheep, Asiatic elephant, and Gangetic dolphin can be classified as the vulnerable species. They are still not in the category of the endangered species but their population is dropping dangerously.

Rare Species

Himalayan brown bear

Hornbill


Himalayan brown bear, wild Asiatic buffalo, desert fox and hornbill are some of the rare species. Their population is very small and is likely to be endangered.

  • Endemic Species

Andaman teal

Nicobar pigeon


Andaman teal, Nicobar pigeon, Andaman wild pig, and mithun are classified as endemic species. These species are found only in specific areas.

  • Extinct Species

Cheetah

Pink –headed duck


Asiatic cheetah and the pink head duck are extinct species now. These species are not found in areas where they are usually found.

  • Asiatic Cheetah


The cheetah is said to be the world's fastest land mammal. It can run at a speed of 112 km/hr. The cheetah is a species that has been declared extinct in India since 1952.





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