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Question-1

Why do Rescue and relief operations depend on an efficient communication system ?

Solution:
A well established communication system is very essential during a disaster. People have to be informed of impending disasters and they have to be given instructions to meet the disaster with least casualty.

Rescue and relief operations depend a great deal on an efficient communication system as people have to be informed of impending disasters and they have to be given instructions to meet the disaster with least casualty.

Question-2

What is PSTN?

Solution:
Public Switched Telephone Network – PSTN – is the most popular means of communication today. The PSTN connects all government and private offices, police stations, fire stations, hospitals and a majority of homes and business places by transmitting and receiving voices, fax and data.

Question-3

Mention the different modes of emergency communication.

Solution:
The different modes of emergency communication are ………


Radio communication
(a) Wireless radio communication network
(b) Amateur radio or HAM


Satellite based communication system
(a) Geo- stationary orbit satellites
(b) Asynchronous orbit satellites
(i) Observation satellite
(ii) Science satellite

(iii) Global positioning systems satellites.


Question-4

Write a short note on wireless communication network.

Solution:
Wireless radio communication network comprises of electromagnetic waves or radio waves that are propagated by an antenna. Radio waves have different frequencies and by tuning a radio receiver to a specific frequency one can receive the required signals.

Band frequencies………..


Very low frequency Low frequency Medium frequency High frequency Very high frequency Ultra high frequency Super high frequency Extremely high frequency


High frequency bands can travel across the world. This band the radio waves are reflected from the ionosphere.

Ultra high frequency bands are used in wireless walkie / talkie sets.


Question-5

Write a short note on HAM.

Solution:
There are 15,000 licensed HAM radio operators in India. HAM radio operators are known as Hams. Hams are expected to help the government during emergencies. Their network is used for communication during disasters. Hams are using satellites for communication nowadays.

Amateur radio stations are providing training for people who are interested in becoming HAM operators. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has developed HAMSAT, a micro satellite, to provide satellite based services to HAM operators in India and all over the world.

Question-6

Satellite based communications are highly reliable during emergencies. Discuss.

Solution:
When information is transmitted through a satellite it is called Satellite based communication. Satellites are launched into space on rockets and they are put in orbit. Different satellites carry out different jobs such as weather forecasting and finding accurate locations.

Communication satellites are usually radio relay stations and are referred to as COMSATs.

The most important feature of a communication satellite is the transponder.

 

Data, television images and telephonic voice are routinely received and re-broadcasted by the transponders of communication satellites.
 

Satellite based communication system is reliable during disasters as Communication satellites are in orbit in space and are not vulnerable to natural disasters on earth. Global communication links can be established with very small satellite antennas.

The satellite phone is the most widely used means of communication during disasters. These phones provide reliable voice and data communication. They are handy and can be taken to any location.


The government of India is providing the Disaster / Emergency Managers of all the districts with portable satellite phones so that proper communication is maintained among the local authorities, during disasters.
 

Radio communication and satellite based communications are highly reliable and are used during emergencies all over the world.

Question-7

Why do Rescue and relief operations depend on an efficient communication system ?

Solution:
A well established communication system is very essential during a disaster. People have to be informed of impending disasters and they have to be given instructions to meet the disaster with least casualty.

Rescue and relief operations depend a great deal on an efficient communication system as people have to be informed of impending disasters and they have to be given instructions to meet the disaster with least casualty.

Question-8

Mention the different modes of emergency communication.

Solution:
The different modes of emergency communication are ………


Radio communication
(a) Wireless radio communication network
(b) Amateur radio or HAM


Satellite based communication system
(a) Geo- stationary orbit satellites
(b) Asynchronous orbit satellites
(i) Observation satellite

(ii) Science satellite

(iii) Global positioning systems satellites.


Question-9

Write a short note on HAM.

Solution:
There are 15,000 licensed HAM radio operators in India. HAM radio operators are known as Hams. Hams are expected to help the government during emergencies. Their network is used for communication during disasters. Hams are using satellites for communication nowadays.

Amateur radio stations are providing training for people who are interested in becoming HAM operators. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has developed HAMSAT, a micro satellite, to provide satellite based services to HAM operators in India and all over the world.





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