Loading....
Coupon Accepted Successfully!

 

Question-1

Find the sum of the following A.P. 1, 3, 5, 7, ............,199.

Solution:
Given, a = 1, d = 2 , an = l = 199,
a + (n – 1) d = 199
1 + (n – 1) 2 = 199
       
1 + 2n – 2 = 199
                  
2n = 200
  n =
    
     n = 100.

Sn = n/2 (a + l)
    = 50(1 + 199)
    = 50(200)
     = 10000

Question-2

Find the A.P. whose 10th term is 5 and 18th term is 77.

Solution:
given, 10th term of an A.P= 5
Þ a + (10 – 1) d = 5
       
a + 9d = 5 ………………………………(i)
and 18th term = 77

Þa + (18 – 1) d = 77
     
a + 17d = 77 ……………………………..(ii)
     (ii) – (i), 8d = 72
                d = 9
Substituting the value of d = 9 in (i),
      a + 81 = 5
a = 5 – 81 = - 76
The A.P. is – 76, - 67, ………….

Question-3

In a certain A.P the 24th term is twice the 10th term. Prove that the 72nd term is twice the 34th term.

Solution:
Given, a24 = 2a10
a24 = a + 23d and a10 = a + 9d
To prove: a72 2 a34 
a72 a + 71d
a34 = a + 33d
a24 = 2a10 (Given)
a + 23d = 2(a + 9d)
a + 23d = 2a + 18d
a – 5d = 0

a = 5d………………………(i)
a72 = 2 a34
a + 71d = 2(a + 33d)
a + 71d = 2a + 66d
a – 5d = 0

a = 5d………………………(ii) 
from, (1) and (2)  a72 = 2 a34 
Hence proved.

Question-4

a, b and c are in A.P. Prove that b + c, c + a and a + b are in A.P.

Solution:
Given,   a, b and c are in A.P.
∴   b – a = c – b
To prove :  b + c, c + a and a + b are in A.P. 
c + a – (b + c) = a + b – (c + a)
  c + a – b – c = a + b – c – a
               a – b = b – c

           ⇒ b – a = c – b
a, b, c are in A.P.
b + c, c + a and a + b are in A.P.

 

Question-5

If 9th term of an A.P. is zero, prove that its 29th term is double the 19th term.

Solution:
9th term = 0
a1 + 8d = 0
a29 = a1 + 28d = a1 + 8d + 20d = 0 + 20d = 20d
a19 = a1 + 18d = a1 + 8d + 10d = 0 + 10d = 10d
a29 = 2a19.

Question-6

Determine the A.P whose third term is 16 and the difference of 5th from 7th term is 12.

Solution:
Let the A.P. be a, a + d, a + 2d, ……..
The third term = a3 = a + 2d = 16 ………………(i)
and seventh term = a7 = a + 6d
      Given that a7 – a5 = 12
 
(a + 6d) – (a + 4d) = 12
      
a + 6d – a – 4d = 12
                        
2d = 12
                          
d = 6
Substituting the value of d = 6 in (i),
           a + 12 = 16
a = 4
The first term of the A.P. is 4 and the common difference is 6.
The A.P. is 4, 10, 16, 22, 28, 34, …

The fifth term = a5 = a + 4d.

Question-7

The sum of the first six terms of an A.P is zero and the fourth term is 2. Find the sum of its first 30 terms.

Solution:
Let the sum of first 30 terms be S30, first term be a, fourth term be a4 and the sum of first six terms be S6.
Given that S6 = 0 and fourth term a4 = 2
 
a + 3d = 2 …………..(i)
             S6 = 0
= 0
  
2a + 5d = 0 …………..(ii)
(i) × 2,
      2a + 6d = 4 …………………..(iii)
(iii) – (ii),
     d = 4
Substituting the value of d = 4 in (i),
     a + 3 × (4) = 2

a = 2 - 12 = - 10
            a30 = a + 29d
                    = - 10 + 29 × (4)
                    = – 10 + 116
                    = 106
Sum to first 30 terms = S30 = (a + l)
                                          =(- 10 + 106)
                                          = 15
× 96
                                          = 1140.

Question-8

An A.P consists of 60 terms. If the first and the last terms be 7 and 125 respectively, find 32nd term.

Solution:
Given, n = 60, a1 = 7, 
and a60 = 125
⇒ a1 + 59d = 125
7 + 59d = 125
59d = 118
d = 118/59 = 2
a32 = a1 + 31d = 7 + 31(2) = 7 + 62

∴ a32 = 69.

Question-9

Find the sum of the series 51 + 50 + 49 + ..... + 21.

Solution:
51 + 50 + 49 + ..... + 21
a = 51, d = - 1, an = 21
     a + (n – 1) d = an
51 + (n – 1) (- 1) = 21
         (n – 1) (- 1) = 21 – 51
                     n – 1 = 30
                       n = 31
Sum of the series = (51 + 21)
                            = × 72
                            = 1116

The sum of the series 51 + 50 + 49 + ..... + 21 = 1116.

Question-10

Three numbers are in A.P. If the sum of these numbers be 27 and the product 648, find the numbers.

Solution:
Let the three numbers be a – d, a, a+ d.
a – d + a + a + d = 27
3a = 27
a = 9
(a – d)(a)(a + d) = 648
a(a2 – d2) = 648
9(92 – d2) = 648
92 – d2 = 72
d2 = 81 - 72
d2 = 9
d = 3
The numbers are 6, 9, 12.

Question-11

How many terms of A.P -10, -7, -4, -1, ........ must be added to get the sum -104?

Solution:
-10, -7, -4, -1, ........
a = - 10, d = 3
    Sn = n{2a + (n – 1) d}
- 104 = n {2(-10) + (n – 1) 3}
        = n (- 20 + 3n – 3)

-208 = n (3n – 23)
          3n2 – 23n + 208 = 0
3n2 – 39n + 16n + 208 = 0
3n (n – 13) + 16 (n – 13) = 0
          (n – 13) (3n + 16) = 0
     n = 13
     13 terms must be added to get the sum of the A.P – 104.

Question-12

If the sum of p terms of an A.P is 3p2 + 4p, find its nth term.

Solution:
Sp = 3p2 + 4p
tn = Sn - Sn-1
   
= (3n2 + 4n) – [3(n - 1)2 + 4(n - 1)]
   = (3n2 + 4n) – [3(n2 – 2n + 1) + 4(n - 1)]
   = (3n2 + 4n) – [3n2 – 6n + 3 + 4n - 4]
   = (3n2 + 4n) – [3n2 – 2n - 1]
   = 3n2 + 4n – 3n2 + 2n + 1
   = 6n + 1
Therefore the nth term is 6n + 1.




Test Your Skills Now!
Take a Quiz now
Reviewer Name