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  • Covalent bond is formed by the sharing of electrons between the atoms to attain their nearest inert gas configuration.
  • Carbon forms compounds containing double, triple bonds between carbon atoms.
  • Carbon ,like phosphorous, sulphur, tin, etc., shows allotropy
  • The ability of carbon to form bonds with other atoms of carbon is known as catenation. The catenation property of carbon enables it to form a large number of compounds.
  • When the members of a class of compounds are arranged in order of increasing molecular weights, they form a homologous series.
  • Ethyl alcohol, formaldehyde and acetic acid are some of the important organic compounds in our daily life.
  • Soaps are sodium or potassium salts of higher fatty acids. Detergents lather even in hard water because they do not form insoluble precipitates with calcium and magnesium ions in hard water.

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