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Overlapping and Cross-Cutting Differences

The result of social groups is that peoples’ personal networks are homogeneous with regard to many socio demographic, behavioral, and intrapersonal characteristics.

The tendency of individuals to associate and bond with similar others, limits people's social worlds in a way that has powerful implications......

  • for the information they receive
  • the attitudes they form
  • the interactions they experience.
  • The tendency of individuals in race and ethnicity creates the strongest divides in our personal environments, with age, religion, education, occupation, and gender following in roughly that order.
  • Geographic inquity, families, organisations, and isomorphic positions in social systems all create contexts in which these relations form. Ties between non-similar individuals also dissolve at a higher rate, which sets the stage for the formation of niches (localised positions) within social space.

Non-similar individuals

We have to look at the following to know about social divisions :-

The basic ecological processes that link organisations, associations, cultural communities, social movements, and many other social forms
  • The impact of multiplex ties on the patterns of homophily; and the dynamics of network change over time through which networks and other social entities co-evolve.

When all mechanisms are active, we find that sub-cultural distance decreases while cross-cultural distance increases, relatively speaking. This appears to coincide with preconceptions about the differences between deviant and non-deviant cultures; they can be more tightly bound than the majority group given the possibility of communication.

The idea of crosscutting social circles refers to these links that cross the boundaries, which differentiate allegedly discrete social groups. Looking at the evolution and maintenance of a behavior within a single group, however interesting and important, will not tell us about how the behavior manifests in a separate group.

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