Pipelines in the past were used for transporting water to cities and industries. Now, these are also used for transportation of crude oil, petroleum products and natural gas from oil and natural gas fields to refineries, fertiliser factories and big thermal power plants. Such thermal power plants can now be constructed in a much shorter time and very close to their markets. Solids also can be transported through these pipelines when converted into slurry.
Advantages of pipelines
- Running cost is very low.
- Trans-shipment loss is very less.
- Very fast means of transport.
There are three important networks of pipeline transportation in the country:
- First one runs from oil fields in upper Assam to Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh), via Guwahati, Barauni and Allahabad. It has branches from Barauni to Haldia, via Rajbandh, Rajbandh to Maurigram and Guwahati to Siliguri.
- From Salaya in Gujarat to Jalandhar in Punjab, via Viramgam, Mathura, Delhi and Panipat. It has branches to connect Koyali (near Vadodara), Chakshu and other places.
A gas pipeline runs from Hazira in Gujarat to Jagdishpur in Uttar Pradesh, via Bijaipur in Madhya Pradesh. It has branches to Kota in Rajasthan, Shahjahanpur, Babrala and other places in Uttar Pradesh. The pipeline is also connected with Mumbai High and South Bassein.