The railways are the main artery of inland transport in India. It is the lifeline of the country for large-scale movement of traffic - freight and passengers. The railways are 150 years old in India.
|Total Route length||63221 kms|
|Passenger Service Vehicles||5321|
|Passengers carried||40,000 lakh per year|
|Goods carried||4,000 lakh tonnes per year|
|No.of Railway Zones||16|
The distribution pattern of the railway network in the country has been influenced by physiographic, economic and administrative factors. Level land of the great plains of India, with high density of population and rich agriculture and greater industrial activity; have favoured development of railways in these areas. Flood plains of Bihar and Assam, and the rugged topography of the Himalayan region, have very few railway lines. Sparsely populated sandy deserts of Rajasthan and hilly tracts of the Sahyadri are unfavorable for the development of railways.
Problems faced by Indian Railways
Sinking of track
Ticketless travel by passengers
Theft and damage of railway property
Delay of trains due to unnecessary pulling of chain.