Coupon Accepted Successfully!


Industrial Pollution and Environmental Degradation

Rapid industrialisation in India has not only led to the economic development. On the other hand it has increased pollution of land, water, noise and air.

Air Pollution :-

It is caused by the presence of poisonous gases such as carbon monoxide and sulphur dioxide.

Factories producing paper, bricks, metals and other factories which burn fossil fuels pollute the air.

Emission of poisonous gases by the industries affects the human health , animal and plants.

Water pollution

The untreated industrial wastes and effluents dumped into the nearby water bodies by the factories lead to water pollution.

The industries polluting water are paper, chemical, textile and dyeing, oil refineries, electroplating and the tanneries.

This polluted water becomes unfit for human use and also for irrigation. It also affects the marine life.

This water when used by human beings leads to different water borne diseases and the harmful substances pass into the food products when used for irrigation.

Thermal pollution of water is the rise or fall in the temperature of a natural body of water caused by human influence. A common cause of thermal pollution is the use of water as a coolant by power plants and industrial manufacturers.

When water used as a coolant is returned to the natural environment at a higher temperature the change in temperature impacts organisms by (a) decreasing oxygen supply, and (b) affecting ecosystem composition.

Soil pollution

This is caused by the presence of man-made chemicals or other alteration in the natural soil environment. This type of contamination typically arises from the rupture of underground storage tanks, application of pesticides, percolation of contaminated surface water to subsurface strata, oil and fuel dumping, leaching of wastes from landfills or direct discharge of industrial wastes to the soil.

The most common chemicals involved are petroleum hydrocarbons, solvents, pesticides, lead and other heavy metals. This occurrence of this phenomenon is correlated with the degree of industrialization and intensity of chemical usage.

The concern over soil contamination stems primarily from health risks, both of direct contact and from secondary contamination of water supplies

Noise Pollution

This is caused by the industrial and constructional activities, ,machinery, factory equipment, generators sawa, pneumatic drills etc.

Noise pollution results in irritation and anger, hearing impairment, increase heart rate and blood pressure.

Test Your Skills Now!
Take a Quiz now
Reviewer Name