The process of production of goods in large number by using machines is called manufacturing.
The economic strength of a country is measured or judged from the development of manufacturing industries.
The share of industries to the GDP has is 17% which goes up to 27% when when the contribution of mining, Quarrying, electricity and gas is included.
The industries are classified into different types on different bases.
Cotton textile industry provides a living to farmers, cotton boll pluckers & workers and other people involved in ginning (separation of seeds from the cotton), spinning, weaving, dyeing, designing, tailoring and packing.
India exports its cotton goods to countries like U.S.A, U.K, Russia, France, East European countries, Nepal, Singapore Sri Lanka and other African countries.
India ranks number one in the production of raw jute and second in the export of jute.
India ranks second in the production of sugar but occupies the first position in the production of gur and khandsari.
This industry is the basic industry since all the other industries depend on it for their machinery.
Aluminium smelting is the second important metallurgical industry of India after Iron and Steel industry.
The Indian fertiliser industry is involved in the production of Nitrogenous and Phosphatic fertilisers.
Indian chemical industry is the third largest in Asia and 12th largest in the world in terms of its size.
Cement industry plays an important role in the development of infrastructural facilities like factories, roads, bridges,dams etc.
The major centres of automobile industry are Delhi, Gurgoan, Mumbai, Pune, Chennai, Kolkata, Lucknow, Indore, Hyderabad, Jamshedpur and Bangalore.
The electronics industry produces a wide range of products like, transistors, televisions, telephones, telephone exchanges, computer, radar etc.
Rapid industrialisation in India has not only led to the economic development. On the other hand it has increased pollution of land, water, noise and air.
Economic development should be consistent without degrading the environment.
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