Coupon Accepted Successfully!


The Idea of Satyagraha

Mohandas Gandhi

Gandhi was born to a Hindu family in India on October 2, 1869. He was the first member of his family to graduate from high school. After 3 months of college, he dropped out and soon moved to England.

  • He returned to India in 1891 with a Barrister's title.

  • He started a small law practice but it failed.

  • In 1893 Gandhi moved to South Africa to work as a lawyer's assistant.

  • He began working right away on a personal campaign to eliminate racism.

  • Gandhi spent 11 years in court fighting for Indian rights - and won most of his cases – but the government constantly passed bills to cancel out his victories.

Gandhiji on his path of Satyagraha

In 1906, Gandhi came up with the idea of Satyagraha, which means 'insistence on truth using non-violent non-cooperation'. Literally, this means struggle or endeavour (agraha) for the truth (satya).

The three main principles of satyagraha are ...................

  • Satya

  • Ahimsa

  • Tapasya

… or, the truth, the refusal do harm to others, and willingness for self-sacrifice in the cause.

These three principles, really, form the core of a weapon that Gandhi was determined to use against the British Raj enslaving his country.

Satyagraha movements were successfully organised by Mahatma Gandhi in various places after arriving in India.

  • He travelled to Champaran in Bihar in 1916 to inspire the peasants to struggle against the oppressive plantation system.

  • He then organised a satyagraha to support the peasants of the Kheda district of Gujarat, in 1917.

  • A satyagraha movement was organised in Ahmedabad, in 1918, amongst cotton mill workers.

Test Your Skills Now!
Take a Quiz now
Reviewer Name