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Towards Civil Disobedience

In pursuance of his struggle for justice or Satyagraha, Gandhi accepted two 'tools' or methods which were based on complete non- violence. Non Cooperation was passive where civil disobedience was active and almost revolutionary.

  • The non co-operation movement aimed at bringing the government to a stand still, by withdrawing every support to administration.

  • The civil disobedience movement was planned to paralyze the government by mass support by undertaking acts which the British government considered illegal but were protests against exploitative and suppressive measures.

Gandhiji addressing a rally

The civil disobedience was organized against repressive laws.

Gandhiji, supported by Congress, had started the agitation for ......

  • Reduction in land revenue

  • Abolition of salt tax

  • Cutting down military expenditure

  • Levying duty on foreign cloth

The British Government did not agree. They thought these were ' populist' schemes to win over different sections of the society.

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