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Why Non-cooperation?

Khilafat Movement (1919-1924) was a movement amongst the Muslims of British India (the largest single Muslim community in one geo-political entity at the time) to ensure that the British, victors of World War I, kept a promise made at Versailles. The promise was that the Caliphate, then claimed by the Ottoman emperor, would not be abolished.


Ottoman Emperor Abdul Hamid II - (1876-1909) had launched his Pan-Islamic program in a bid to protect the Ottoman empire from the Western attack and dismemberment, and to crush the Westernizing democratic opposition in Turkey.
Jamaluddin Afghani - was sent to India in the late nineteenth century. 
Indian Muslim leaders endorsed his efforts.
Maulana Mohammad Ali, spent four years in prison (1911-1915) for preaching resistance to the British and support for the Ottoman caliph.

 Khilafat Movement
  1. The Ali brothers then made a strategic alliance. They convinced Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi to join a Hindu-Muslim alliance for self-rule (Indian Independence, or Swaraj).
  2. Gandhi's followers would support the Khilafat Movement if the Muslims would support Gandhi's efforts for swaraj.
  3. Gandhi became a member of the Central Khilafat Committee
  4. The Nagpur session (1920) of the Indian National Congress Gandhi proposed a non-cooperation campaign, of non-violent satyagraha, in support of swaraj and khilafat.
  5. The non-cooperation campaign was at first successful.  However, the Hindu-Muslim Kilafat movement declined.

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