Political parties are a part of any Democracy. Political parties have had many roles throughout history, which include the rise of democracies, the formation of constitutional designs, electoral politics, the making and working of governments, the federal sharing of political power and as negotiators of social divisions in the arena of democratic politics.
In this chapter, we take a close look at the nature and working of political parties, especially in our country. The 2 major questions that come to our mind when we talk about democracies are.
- Why do we need parties?
- How many parties are good for a democracy?
In India we have national and regional political parties. It is important to understand the workings of these political parties to understand democracy. The defects in political parties have to be rectified to make India a progressive democracy.