How do they Influence Politics?
Politics is influenced in a variety of ways by the pressure groups and movements:
- The pressure groups
- They gain attention to these issues and try to influence the media.
- Some activities like strikes or others disrupting government programmes are organized by them.
- In order to force the government to take note of their demand, the movement groups indulge in strikes and other such tactics.
- By employing professional lobbyists or sponsor expensive advertisements, the business groups often put across their claim.
- By participating in official bodies and committees, some persons from pressure groups or movement groups, may offer advice to the government.
Interest groups and movements do not directly engage in party politics, so they seek to exert influence on political parties. Most of the movement groups have political ideology and political position without being a party, and they take political stance on major issues.
- The relationship between political parties and pressure groups can be direct or indirect.
- Activists and leaders of political parties usually lead pressure groups.
- Sometimes political parties are formed from these movements.
The relationship between parties and interest or movement groups is not so direct in most cases. In such cases they often oppose each other. Most of the new leadership of political parties comes from interest or movement groups.
Is their Influence Healthy?
Though it may appear unhealthy for groups that promote interest of one section to have influence in democracy initially, what is expected of democracy is that it must look after the interest of all and not just one section. It may also seem that these groups wield power without responsibility.
Pressure groups :-are not accountable to the peopleÂ
- Political parties :-are accountable to the people as they have to face the people during elections.
- Democracy involves conflicting interests and opinions
- There are different ways through which ordinary citizen can play a role in democracy.
- The movement in Nepal was aimed at restoring democracy.
- Girija Prasad Koirala was chosen as the new Prime Minister of the interim government, by the SPA.
- In Bolivia the people struggled successfully against privatisation of water
- Democracy is evolved through popular struggles and Mass mobilisation resolves democratic conflict.
- New political organisations form the basis of these conflicts and mobilisations.
- The agencies of organised politics include political parties,pressure groups and movement groups. These organisations play their role in two ways --- direct and indirect.
- Government policies are influenced by a few organizations called Pressure groups.
- Pressur Groups can be classified as Sectional Interest Groups and Public Interest Groups
- Some movements are Issue specific movements such as the Narmada Bachao Andolan in India movement.
- Politics is influenced in a variety of ways by the pressure groups and movements
- Public interest groups and movements perform a useful role when governments come under undue pressure from a small group of rich and powerful people and
Though funds and support from the people, are generally not got by pressure groups and movements, they have deepened democracy. As long as everyone gets this opportunity putting pressure on the rulers is not an unhealthy activity in a democracy.
Public interest groups and movements perform a useful role when governments come under undue pressure from a small group of rich and powerful people and try to do injustice to people. The needs and concerns of ordinary citizens are generally reminded to the government by them. In such cases even the sectional interest groups play a valuable role. No one single group can achieve dominance over society where different groups function actively. All the groups can put in their views but the government has to look for the benefit of all the people.