Mobilisation and Organizations
In Nepal :-
When we see the success of the struggle in Nepal, we see that the call for indefinite strike was given by the SPA or the Seven Party Alliance in Nepal. Though this alliance had many people from the parliament, this was not the only organisation, behind the mass upsurge.
The other organisations that participated were.
- The Nepalese Communist Party (Maoist), which did not believe in parliamentary democracy, joined the protest.
- All the major labour unions and their federations joined this movement. Organisations of the indigenous people, teachers, lawyers and human rights groups also extended support to the movement.
In Bolivia :-
No political party led the protest against water privatisation in Bolivia.
Organizations that participated in the movement were .
- The organisation called Fedecor, which comprised of local professionals, including engineers and environmentalists, led this protest.
Federation of farmers who relied on irrigation, the confederation of factory workers' unions, middle class students from the University of Cochabamba and the city's growing population of homeless street children were the others who supported this protest.
The Socialist Party supported this movement. The Socialist Party came to power in Bolivia, in 2006.
From both these examples we can see that behind any big struggle in a democracy several kinds of organisations work. These organisations play their role in two ways --- direct and indirect.
1.Direct participation in competitive politics is done by creating parties, contesting elections and forming governments.
Since not every person may be interested to participate directly, there are many indirect ways in which people put their views to the government.
2.Indirect participation is by forming an organisation and undertaking activities to promote their view. These are called interest groups or pressure groups. Even without forming organisations people sometimes decide to act together.