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Movement for Democracy in Nepal


  • The movement in Nepal was aimed at restoring democracy.
  • Nepal, was one of the 'third wave' countries that had won democracy in 1990.
  • It witnessed an extraordinary popular movement in April 2006.
  • The real power was exercised by popularly elected representatives although the King formally remained the head of the state.
  • King Birendra
  • Accepted this transition from absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy

King Birendra

  • In 2001, King Birendra was killed in a mysterious massacre of the royal family.
  • The new King of Nepal, King Gyanendra, was not prepared to accept democratic rule.

King Gyanendra

King Gyanendra took advantage of the weakness and unpopularity of the democratically elected government and in February 2005, he dismissed the then Prime Minister and dissolved the popularly elected Parliament.

Nepalese Movement of April 2006

  • The aim of the Movement of April 2006 was the regaining of popular control over the government from the King.

The Seven Party Alliance (SPA) formed by all the major political parties in the parliament, announced a four day strike in the country's capital, Kathmandu.

Rally by the Seven Party Alliance

Maoist insurgents and various other organisations also came together and this protest soon turned into an indefinite strike. Many people joined the protests and the crowd became uncontrollable. Around three to five lakh people served an ultimatum to the King on 21 April. The halfhearted concessions made by the King were rejected by the leaders of the movement.

The demand was made for three things. They are ................

  • Restoration of parliament
  • Power to an all-party government
  • A new constituent assembly

The king was forced to concede all the three demands on 24 April 2004, the last day of the ultimatum. Girija Prasad Koirala was chosen as the new Prime Minister of the interim government, by the SPA.

Mr. Girija Prasad Koirala

Most of the powers of the King were taken away by the laws passed by the restored parliament. The SPA and the Maoists tried to decide as to how the new Constituent Assembly was going to be elected. This struggle was known as Nepal's second movement for democracy. Democrats all over the world were inspired by this struggle.

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