Pressure Groups and Movements
Government policies are influenced by a few organisations called Pressure groups. Pressure groups do not aim to control or share political power directly, unlike political parties. When people with common occupation, interest, aspirations or opinions come together in order to achieve a common objective these organisations are formed.
People with common occupation
Sectional Interest Groups and Public Interest Groups
Sectional Interest Groups :-
Interests of a particular section or group of society are promoted by the Sectional Interest groups.
Some examples of this type are :
- Trade unions
- Business associations
- Professional bodies (lawyers, doctors, teachers ).
Since they represent a section of society, they are sectional. The betterment and well being of their members is their principal concern and they do not aim at the betterment of the society in general.
Public Interest Groups
Promotional groups or public interest groups are the other kinds of groups. They don't promote selective good; rather they aim at collective good.
- They aim to help groups other than their own members.
- In some instances the members of a public interest group may undertake activity that benefits them as well as others.
Since its principal concern is with social justice and social equality for the entire society, it addresses the problems of its members who suffer discrimination
The groups involved with movements also include a very wide variety.
- Most of the movements of such groups are issue specific movements that seek to achieve a single objective within a limited time frame.
- Others are more general or generic movements that seek to achieve a broad goal in the very long term.
Issue specific movements
Narmada Bachao Andolan in India is a good example of this kind of movement. The specific issue of this movement was the displacement of the people by the creation of Sardar Sarovar dam on the Narmada river.
Sardar Sarovar Dam
Sardar Sarovar Dam Site
Its objective was to stop the dam from being constructed. It gradually became a wider movement that questioned all such big dams and the model of development that required such dams. Though these movements tend to have a clear leadership and some organization, their active life is usually short.