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Write a brief note on the population of Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka is an island, just a few kilometres away from India. Its population is about 2 crores. The people of Sri Lanka are of diverse origin. Among this, 74 per cent are Sinhala-speakers and 18 per cent are the Tamil-speakers. Among Tamils there are two sub-groups. ‘Sri Lankan Tamils’ who constitute 13 per cent of the population are the Tamil natives of the country. The rest of the Tamils are ‘Indian Tamils’, whose forefathers came from India as plantation workers during the colonial period.

While most of the Tamils are Hindus or Muslims, most of the Sinhala-speaking people follow Buddhism. There are both Tamil and Sinhala who make up about 7 per cent of the population, and they follow Christianity.


Why is Power Sharing Desirable?

Power sharing helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups. Power sharing ensures the stability of political order as social conflict often leads to violence and political instability.

Tyranny of the majority is not only oppressive for the minority but it also brings ruin to the majority.

The very spirit of democracy is power sharing. A democratic rule involves sharing power with those affected by its exercise, and who have to live with its effects. People have a right to be consulted on how they are to be governed. A legitimate government is one where citizens, through participation, acquire a stake in the system. The very act of power sharing is valuable.


What are the interesting elements of the Belgium government?

According to the Belgium constitution, the number of Dutch and French-speaking ministers in the central government will be equal. Since both linguistic communities will have their own problems, no single community can make decisions.

The state governments have been given many powers by the central government. The state governments are not subordinate to the central Government.

Equal representation of both the communities, has made the Brussels government a unique one. Because the Dutch-speaking community has accepted equal representation in the Central Government, the French speaking people accepted equal representation in Brussels.

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