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What are the different forms of power sharing in modern democracies? Give an example of each of these.

Different forms of power sharing in modern democracies are as follows:-
(a) Power sharing in different organs of government: Example: power sharing between legislature and executive
(b) Power sharing at different levels of government: Example: power sharing between Union government and state government.
(c) Power sharing among social groups: Example: Reservation in government jobs for OBCs and SCs & STs.
(d) Power sharing among various pressure groups: Example: Representative of trade union being consulted while making a new labour law.


State one prudential reason and one moral reason for power sharing with an example from the Indian context.

Prudential Reason
Firstly, power sharing is good because it helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups. Since social conflict often leads to violence and political instability, power sharing is a good way to ensure the stability of political order. Imposing the will of majority community over others may look like an attractive option in the short run, but in the long run it undermines the unity of the nation. Tyranny of the majority is not just oppressive for the minority; it often brings ruin to the majority as well.

Moral Reason
There is a second, deeper reason why power sharing is good for democracies. Power sharing is the very spirit of democracy. A democratic rule involves sharing power with those affected by its exercise, and who have to live with its effects. People have a right to be consulted on how they are to be governed. A legitimate government is one where citizens, through participation, acquire a stake in the system.


Consider the following statements about power sharing arrangements in Belgium and Sri Lanka.

A. In Belgium, the Dutch-speaking majority people tried to impose their domination on the minority French-speaking community.

B. In Sri Lanka, the policies of the government sought to ensure the dominance of the Sinhala-speaking majority.

C. The Tamils in Sri Lanka demanded a federal arrangement of power sharing to protect their culture, language and equality of opportunity in education and jobs.

D. The transformation of Belgium from unitary government to a federal one prevented a possible division of the country on linguistic lines.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) A, B, C and D    (b) A, B and D     (c) C and D      (d) B, C and D.


(a) A, B, C and D.


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