Reported speech in Extended Texts
Reported speech is used to report statements, questions, commands etc.
The following changes occur in reported speech:
The present tense is changed to past tense,
First and second persons are normally changed into third person,
Past perfect verbs in direct speech do not change in reported speech,
'ought' and 'should' normally do not change,
'Should' changes to 'would', only if it comes after 'i' or 'we',
'Shall' in statements changes to 'would',
'must' changes to 'had to',
Tense does not change while stating facts.