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Land Degradation And Conservation Measures

There is about 130 million hectares of degraded land in India.
The following pie chart shows you the different factors contribution to the degradation.

Factors leading to Land Degradation



Mining sites abandoned after the extracation turn into wasteland as they become unfit for use.



In some states deforestation is done for mining purposes which is another major factor leading to land degradation.



Agricultural Activities

Agricultural activities like over irrigation and the use of chemical fertilizers increase the salinity and alkalinity of the land.



Mineral Processing and Quarrying
This generates a lot of dust which settles on the land and makes the percolation process difficult and makes that area unfit for cultivation.


Industrial Effluents

Untreated waste from the industries is let out in the surrounding areas leading to land and water pollution.


Over grazing

This has led to soil erosion



Conservation measures

Afforestation and proper management of grazing



Planting of shelter belts of plants to prevent wind erosion



control on over grazing.



Stabilisation of sand dunes by growing thorny bushes



Control of mining activities

Treating the industrial effluents before letting it out.


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