Coupon Accepted Successfully!


Land Utilisation

Land resources are used for the following purposes:

1. Forests

2. Land not available for cultivation
(a) Barren and waste land
(b) Land put to non-agricultural uses, e.g. buildings, roads, factories, etc.

3. Other uncultivated land (excluding fallow land)
(a) Permanent pastures and grazing land
(b) Land under miscellaneous tree crops groves (not included in net sown area),
(c) Cultivable waste land (left uncultivated for more than 5 agricultural years).

4. Fallow lands
(a) Current fallow-(left without cultivation for one or less than one agricultural year),
(b) Other than current fallow-(left uncultivated for the past 1 to 5 agricultural years).

5. Net sown area -Area available for cultivation in a year.


Land Use and Pattern in India

The use of land in any country is decided by the following factors:-

  • Topography

  • Climate,

  • Soil types

  • Population density

  • Technological capability

  • Culture and traditions

Land use data is not available for the whole area of our country as the land use reporting is not done fully in the north-eastern states and some of the area in Jammu and Kashmir has not been surveyed.

Features of Land use pattern in India

Land under permenant pastures

The land under this category is a mere 3.45%.still we are able to feed a huge cattle population with the agricultural waste like , hay, husk, grains ect.

This is the reason for low milk yielding capacity of our cattle.

Net Sown Area

The NSA in India is 43.41%. Net Sown Area is the total land available for cultivation in a year.

The Net sown Area and the number of times this area is cultivated in a year including the fallowlad gives you the Gross Sown Area.


Example : Net Sown Area of a region is 100 hectares
This 100 hectares has been cultivated twice in a year.
The fallowland cultivated in that year is 20 hectares

Then the gross Sown Area of that region in that year is 100 + 100(cultivated for the second time)+20 (fallowland)=220 hectares.

Hence, the Gross Sown Area of that region is 220hectares.

The Net Sown Area is not the same 43% in all the states of India. It varies from state to state.


The following map shows you the variation in the Net Sown Area in India.


Pattern of Net Sown Area


40.01 - 60.00

Tamil Nadu

40.01 - 60.00


40.01 - 60.00

Andhra Pradesh

20.01 - 40.00


40.01 - 60.00


20.01 - 40.00


40.01 - 60.00


40.01 - 60.00

Madhya Pradesh

40.01 - 60.00


40.01 - 60.00

West Bengal

60.01 and above


60.01 and above

Jammu & Kashmir

20.00 and below

Himachal Pradesh

20.00 and below


60.01 and above

Uttar Pradesh

40.01 - 60.00


40.01 - 60.00


20.00 and below


20.01 - 40.00

Arunachal Pradesh

20.00 and below


40.01 - 60.00


20.00 and below


20.00 and below


40.01 - 60.00


40.01 - 60.00


20.00 and below


20.01 - 40.00



People who live on the fringes of the forests depend upon it.

Land under forest cover
The percentage of land under forest in India is 23.57 which is far below the desired 33% required to maintain ecological balance, control pollution etc.


Waste land

This land includes rocky, arid and desert areas and the put to non-agricultural uses


Example : buildings, roads, factories, etc.


Growth in population, industrialisation and urbanisation has led to continuous use of land whithout appropriate conservative measures which inturn had resulted in Land Degradation.

Test Your Skills Now!
Take a Quiz now
Reviewer Name