began in the late 18th and early 19th centuries with major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, and transportation. It had a profound effect on the socioeconomic and cultural conditions in Britain and subsequently spread throughout Europe and North America and eventually the entire world. The process of industrialization continues to this day.
Industrialization marked a major turning point in human social history and this can be compared to the invention of farming. Industrialization has touched every aspect of our daily life and influenced our habits, our outlook and our very thoughts.
Before industrialization actually began, many artists came out with imaginary pictures of modern machinery, which eventually took shape.
The spread of railways and factories, the construction of high-rise buildings and bridges, the rapid technological development in all fields had a profound impact on peopleâ€™s lives.
To understand the change industrialization brought on the humans we have to know about industrialization first. Let us begin with Britain, where it all began, and then learn about the pattern of industrial change in Colonial India and thereafter.