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Small-scale Industries

  • Many factories were set up after the war.
  • Large industries were only a small part of the economy. Most of these industries were located in Bengal and Bombay.
  • Small-scale production predominated over the rest of the country,
  • Most of the labour force was employed in small workshops and household units.
  • Handicrafts production actually expanded in the twentieth century.
  • Hand-loom cloth production also increased in the 20th century.

Reasons for the boom in the handicraft Industry

  • Handicrafts people adopted new technology and increased production without pushing up costs.
  • Weavers used looms with a fly shuttle and increased productivity per worker.
  • Several other small innovations helped weavers improve their productivity and compete with the mill sector.
  • Some weavers produced coarse cloth while others wove finer varieties; there was demand for both the varieties.
  • The hand-loom weavers thrived as mills could not imitate specialised weaves.
  • Saris with woven borders, or the famous lungis and handkerchiefs of Madras, could not be easily displaced by mill products.
  • In spite of the boom in the handicraft sector many workers still experienced poverty.

Indian Handicrafts

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