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Colonial Domination and Resistance

Vietnam had a long history both as an ...

  • Independent kingdom

  • A major power in its region

  • A subjugated province of China

Its people were both proud of their past glory and painfully aware of their many years of subjugation.

  • In the mid-nineteenth century, Vietnam became a colony of France.

  • After the Franco-Chinese war the French assumed control of Tonkin and Anaam and, in 1887, French Indo-China was formed.

Indo-China in 1888

  • During the Second world War it fell under the control of Japan like other European possessions in Asia

After the defeat of Japan, the question arose of what was to happen to Vietnam in the postwar world. There were two opposing forces attempting to answer that question, both of them appealing to the United States for help.

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