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  • Water is a renewable resource, but still there is scarcity of water in many parts of India
  • There are certain regions in India where ample water resources are available and still the region faces acute water shortage
  • In order to feed the growing population industries and agriculture exert pressure on exisisting fresh water resources and lead to their depletion.
  • Pollution of water bodies present in a region also leads to water scarcity as this water is unfit for human use. This is caused by the mixing of domestic and industrial wastes with fesh water.
  • We need water to grow food, keep clean, provide power, control fire, and last but not least, we need it to stay alive. Hence, the need of the hour is water conservation.
  • Our ancient religious texts and epics give a good insight into the water storage and conservation systems that prevailed in those days.
  • We are continuing this tradition by constructing dams on most our rivers.
  • Initially dams were built to just store the rain water and later use it for irrigation, but now these dams are built to solve many problems.
  • Due to the disadvantages an growing resistance against multi-purpose river valley projects , water harvesting system was considered the best method to conserve water.
  • This is because the water harvesting is cheap, environment friendly and can be easily practised by individuals.
  • Rain water harvesting is practised succesfully in many parts Rural and Urban India.

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