Water Scarcity and the Need for Water Conservation and Management
Water is a renewable resource, but still there is scarcity of water in many parts of India
Factors Leading to Water Scarcity
- Variation in the seasonal and annual rainfall.
- Over-exploitation and excessive use of water.
- Unequal access to water among different social groups.
There are certain regions in India where ample water resources are available and still the region faces acute water shortage. This is because of :-
- The pressure on water resources due to intensive industrialisation, urbanisation and agriculture.
- In order to feed the growing population industries and agriculture exert pressure on exisisting fresh water resources and lead to their depletion.
- Almost all the houses, colonies and societies have their own ground water pumping devices to meet their needs. Excessive pumping of ground water takes place here which leads to depletion of ground water resources.
- Pollution of water bodies present in a region also leads to water scarcity as this water is unfit for human use. This is caused by the mixing of domestic and industrial wastes with fresh water.
Pesticides and fertilizers used in agriculture also get mixed with water bodies and pollute them.
Water is essential to life on earth. We need water to grow food, keep clean, provide power, control fire, and last but not least, we need it to stay alive. Hence, the need of the hour is water conservation.