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London - Industrialisation and the Rise of this Modern City in England

Even after the Industrial Revolution :-

Western countries were largely rural.

Industrial cities in Britain such as Leeds and Manchester attracted large number of people who were seeking employment in the textile industries.

In 1851, more than three-quarters of the adults living in Manchester were migrants from rural areas.

Slowly Industrialisation brought about urbanisation.

Now let us look at London, as it was in 1750

  • In 1750, 1/10th of the British population lived in London.
  • It was a massive city with a population of about 675,000.
  • London continued to expand during the 19th century.
  • Its population multiplied fourfold between 1810 and 1880, increasing from 1 million to about 4 million.
  • London was like a magnet for the migrant populations, even though it did not have large factories.
  • The city was full of clerks and shopkeepers, of small masters and skilled and semi- skilled artisans, of soldiers and servants, of casual labourers, street sellers, and beggars.
  • The Industries that flourished in London were..

    • The shipping dockyards
    • The clothing and footwear Industry
    • The wood and furniture Industry
    • The metal and engineering Industry
    • The printing and stationery Industry
    • The surgical instruments and watch Industry

    During the First World War London began manufacturing motor cars and electrical goods, and these large factories employed nearly one-third of the labour force.



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