Differential extraction is also known as solvent extraction. An organic compound can be isolated from its aqueous solution by shaking it .
with an organic solvent which is immiscible with water. The mixture is allowed to stand so that the water layer separates out from the organic layer. The organic compound being more soluble in organic solvent gets dissolved in it. The organic compound is recovered by evaporating the organic solvent. The impurities that are more soluble in water remain dissolved in the water layer. This method involves the use of a separating funnel .
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