Coupon Accepted Successfully!


Meaning of Agriculture

The word agriculture is the English adaptation of the Latin word agricultūra’. ‘Ager’ means field and ‘cultūra’ means cultivation; in the strict sense ‘agricultūra’ means "tillage of the soil".


Agriculture was developed at least 10,000 years ago, and it has undergone significant developments since the time of the earliest cultivation.


As we have already seen Agriculture falls under the Primary sector activity.

Agricultural Activities include:


  • Growing crops, fruits, vegetables and flowers
  • Rearing of livestock

Agricultrual Activities

Paddy fields

Apple Orchard​

Brinjal Farm

Sunflower Farm​

Rearing of livestock

The right type of soil and climate are vital for any kind of agricultural activity.

The land on which crops are grown is known as arable land.

Geographically, arable land is an agricultural term, meaning land that can be used for growing crops.

Of the earth's 57.5 million square miles of land, approximately 7.65 million square miles are arable. However, arable land is currently being lost rapidly due to deforestation.

Percentage of arable land in countries across the globe

Given below is the percentage of Arable land-the colors in the box correspond with the colour in the map, representing the different countries of the world.

  • 50 per cent of persons in the world are engaged in agricultural activity.
  • Two-thirds of India’s population is still dependent on agriculture.

Now let us go a little deeper into the activity of cultivation and see the various kinds of cultivation that are carried out by man.










Test Your Skills Now!
Take a Quiz now
Reviewer Name