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Summary

  • With the establishment of British power, the country side changed and so did cities and towns.
     
  • Calcutta, Bombay and Madras were the 3 Presidencies which rose in importance under East India Company.
     
  • The Indian capital city of New Delhi has a long history, and has served as the capital city of several empires.
     
  • In 1803, the British gained control of Delhi after defeating the Marathas.
     
  • During the Revolt Delhi remained under rebel control for four months.
     
  • The British understood the importance of Delhi and many extravagant events were held there.
     
  • In 1911, when King George V was crowned in England, a Durbar was held in Delhi to celebrate the occasion and it was decided to shift the capital of India from Calcutta to Delhi.
     
  • New Delhi was constructed as a 10-square-mile city on Raisina Hill, south of the existing city and it took 10 years for this task to be completed.
     
  • The Partition of India in 1947 led to a massive transfer of populations on both sides of the new border.
     
  • The Mughal aristocracy in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries lived in havelis.
     
  • In 1936, the Delhi Improvement Trust was set up and it built areas like Daryaganj South for wealthy Indians.
   




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