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Laws for the Marginalised

  • There are specific laws and policies for the marginalised in India.
  • The Government sets up committees and undertakes surveys to arrive at policies and schemes that will benefit the marginalized.
  • The Government ensures that these policies and schemes are implemented and the marginalized groups reap the benefits.




Promoting Social Justice

  • The State and Central governments have implemented several schemes for the social upliftment of Dalits and other marginalized groups.
  • The government provides for free or subsidised hostels for students of Dalit and Adivasi communities so that they can avail education facilities.

    For centuries the backward classes in India have been denied opportunities to learn and to work. The government has passed laws to end this inequity. The Reservation Policy ensures that the Dalits and other marginalized groups have equal opportunity in the educational and employment fields.

Reservation Policy confirms that a percentage of seats are reserved in the public sector units, union and state civil services, union and state government departments and in all public and private educational institutions, except in the religious/ linguistic minority educational institutions, for the socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or the Scheduled Castes and Tribes who were inadequately represented in these services and institutions.

  • State Governments and the Central Government of India have a list of Scheduled Castes / Dalits, Scheduled Tribes and Backward and Most Backward Castes.
  • Students applying to educational institutions and those applying for posts in Government are expected to furnish proof of their caste or tribe status, in the form of caste and tribe certificates. If a particular Dalit caste or a certain tribe is on the government list, then the candidate from that caste or tribe can avail of the benefit of reservation.
  • For admission to professional education, such as Medical Colleges, governments set a ‘cut-off- mark’ that is lower than the ‘cut-off-mark’ set for the forward castes.
  • Governments offer special scholarships for these marginalized students.
  • Special schemes are implemented for girls from these marginalized groups.

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