Coupon Accepted Successfully!


The Claim to Paramountcy

The British East India Company pursued an aggressive policy of territorial expansion from the early eighteenth century.

Lord Hastings was the first Governor General of India from 1813.

Lord Hastings

  • Under Lord Hasting a new policy of "paramountcy" was introduced in India.
  • Under this policy the Company claimed that its authority was paramount or supreme, hence its power was greater than that of Indian states.
  • The company annexed many Indian Kingdoms.

  • Rani Channamma


    Rani Channamma of Kitoor, in present day Karnataka, resisted the attempt of the British to capture her small state. But she was arrested by the British soldiers in 1824 and died in prison in 1829.

    Many acts of bravery by the Indian women are legacies of which Indians can be proud of.

  • In the late 1830s the East India Company became concerned about Russia extending its power across Asia and entering India.
  • This fear led to prolonged wars with Afghanistan as the company wanted total control over the North–west.
  • Sind was captured in 1843.

  • Sind Province

  • Punjab was annexed in 1849.

  • Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Punjab - A brief sketch

    Maharaja Ranjit Singh

    Maharaja Ranjit Singh was called "Sher-e-Punjab" or the Lion of the Punjab. He was the Sikh emperor of the sovereign nation of Punjab and the Sikh Empire. Ranjit Singh succeeded his father at the young age of 12.

    Ranjit Singh took the title of Maharaja on April 12, 1801

    Singh created the first modern Indian Army -- the Sikh Khalsa Army, a powerful military force whose presence delayed the eventual British colonization of Punjab. He created a powerful and heavily armed state; at this point, Punjab was the only state not controlled by the British.

    Maharaja Ranjit Singh is considered one of the 3 Lions of India. The other 2 Lions are Rana Pratap Singh of Mewar and Chhatrapati Shivaji, the legendary Maratha ruler.

    Ranjit Singh created a state based upon Sikh traditions, with all citizens receiving equal treatment from the government, regardless of religious or ethnic background.

    Ranjit Singh died in 1839.

    His Samadhi is located in Lahore, Pakistan.

    Test Your Skills Now!
    Take a Quiz now
    Reviewer Name