The Company and its RulesThe British East India Company occupied many Indian states from the year 1757 to 1857.
They followed a distinct pattern while occupying the Indian States.
The Company did not launch an attack on a territory or state it did not know.
The Company appointed its Residents in the Indian states.
These Residents were their agents and they had to serve in the best interest of the Company.
The Company used these Residents to interfere in the internal affairs of the state.
The Company sometimes placed an important role in deciding the successor to the thrown or for administrative posts.
States were not allowed to have an independent army; they were protected by the Companyâ€™s army. The states had to pay for the maintenance of the army and if they failed to do so, a part of their territory was confiscated in lieu of the payment. The Nawabs of Awadh and Hyderabad were forced to give part of their kingdom when they failed to pay revenue to the Company.
Powers of the Resident
James Achilles Kirkpatrick
James Achilles Kirkpatrick was appointed as Resident in Hyderabad in 1795.
- Residents were appointed by the Company and were considered to be the kings of the country.
- The Indian Nawabs were expected to agree to every rule laid down by the Resident.
- The Nawabs should be submissive to the British Government and this was ensured by the Resident.
- If any Nawab acted against the Resident, it resulted in war.