Coupon Accepted Successfully!


War with the Marathas

The British believed in the policy of ‘divide and rule’. This was evident in the way they destroyed the might of the Marathas.


The Maratha Empire

  • The decline of the Mughal Empire had led to territorial gains for the Maratha Confederacy.

  • In 1761, they wanted to expand further North and North West, where their path crossed Ahmad Shah Abdali - the ruler of Afghanistan, who had been making raids into Punjab for several years.

  • The Third Battle of Panipat took place on January 14, 1761 at Panipat between the Marathas and the Afghans led by Ahmad Shah Abdali.

  • The battle lasted for several days and involved over 125,000 men.

  • The force led by Ahmad Shah Abdali came out victorious after destroying several Maratha armies.

  • The battle changed the course of India’s history.

  • As the Marathas were left to face defeat in the 3rd battle of Panipat, the East India Company tried to further curb the Marathas.

    The Maratha state was divided into many states under different chieftains or Sardars belonging to different dynasties, namely:-


    1. Sindhia

    2. Holkar

    3. Gaikwad

    4. Bhonsle

    • The chiefs of these dynasties were held together in a confederacy under a Peshwa or Principal Minister.

    • The Peshwa was the military and administrative head.

    • He was usually based in Pune.

    • The Marathas were subdued in a series of wars they waged against the British East India Company.

    First Anglo-Maratha War:- The first war ended with the Treaty of Salbai. There was no decisive victory after this war.

    Second Anglo-Maratha War:- The second war resulted in the British gaining Orissa, Agra and Delhi.

    Third Anglo-Maratha War:- The third war broke the power of the Marathas. The Company now had complete control over the territories south of the Vindhyas.


    Chhatrapati Shivaji


    Chhatrapati Shivaji was one of the most able administrators and rulers in India. He was the founder of the Maratha Empire in India. With his flawless warrior skills and unlimited courage, he ruled the Deccan region, parts of central India and parts of modern day Pakistan with a firm hand. It was due to his efforts that the Mughals faced a decline in their empire. Using guerrilla warfare techniques, he was successful in annexing a major portion of the Mughal Empire.

    Test Your Skills Now!
    Take a Quiz now
    Reviewer Name