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Summary
  • India became an Independent nation at the stroke of mid-night on the 15th of August, 1947.
     

  • India faced many challenges after it gained independence.
     

  • Unity in diversity had to be achieved.
     

  • A majority of Indians lived in villages and development was the need of the hour.
     

  • A vast majority of people had to be lifted above the poverty line.
     

  • The writing of the constitution took almost three years to be completed; from December 1946 to November 1949.
     

  • The Constitution adopted universal adult franchise.
     

  • The Constitution guaranteed equality before the law to all citizens, regardless of their caste or religious.
     

  • Abolition of untouchability and the Reservation Policy was another important feature of the Indian constitution.
     

  • The Indian constitution clearly demarcates the powers of the Centre and that of the State governments.
     

  • The Constitution tried to balance the different views. It provided 3 lists of subjects.
     

  • Language was another major problem faced by the Constituent Assembly.
     

  • Under the supervision of Dr B.R. Ambedkar the Constitution was finalised.
     

  • On 1 October 1953, the new state of Andhra Pradesh was formed.
     

  • After the creation of Andhra, other linguistic communities also demanded their own separate states.
     

  • The major objective of the new nation was industrial development.
     

  • In 1950, the government set up a Planning Commission.
     

  • The Second five year Plan focused on heavy industry.
     

  • Deep divisions still persist in spite of the tremendous progress India has made on all front 





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