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Industrial Disasters

Industrial disasters are mass disasters caused by industrial companies, either by accident, negligence or incompetence.

The Chernobyl disaster

The Chernobyl disaster was a nuclear reactor accident in the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in the Soviet Union. It was the worst nuclear power plant accident in history.


On 26th April 1986 a nuclear reactor at the Chernobyl plant exploded. Further explosions and the resulting fire sent a plume of highly radioactive fallout into the atmosphere and over an extensive geographical area. Nearly thirty to forty times more fallout was released than had been by the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Large areas in Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia were badly contaminated, resulting in the evacuation and resettlement of over 336,000 people.


The accident raised concerns about the safety of the nuclear power industry.

Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant after the explosion



Risk Reduction Measures

  • Densely populated residential areas should be separated far away from the industrial areas.
  • People staying in the vicinity of industries should be aware of the storage of toxins or hazardous substances and their possible effect in case if an accident occurs.
  • Fire warning and fighting system should be improved.
  • Storage capacity of toxic substances should be limited.
  • Pollution dispersion qualities in the industries should be improved.

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