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Information Technology (IT) Industry

The information technology industry deals in the storage, processing and distribution of information. Today, this industry has become global.

Factors guiding the location of IT industries

  • Resource availability
  • Cost
  • Infrastructure

The major hubs of the IT industry are…

  • The Silicon Valley, California
  • The IT Industries of Bangalore, India

The Silicon Valley, California, USA



Location of Silicon Valley, California

Silicon Valley

  • Silicon Valley is the southern part of the San Francisco Bay Area in Northern California, United States.
  • The term originally referred to the region's large number of silicon chip innovators and manufacturers.
  • Geographically, Silicon Valley encompasses the northern part of Santa Clara Valley and adjacent communities.
  • Since the early twentieth century, Silicon Valley has been home to a vibrant, growing electronics industry.
  • Silicon Valley has been most famous in recent years for innovations in software and Internet services.
  • Silicon Valley has significantly influenced computer operating systems, software, and user interfaces.


Adobe Systems

Apple Inc​


Hewlett Packard



The IT Industries of Bangalore, India

Bangalore is located on the Deccan Plateau from where it gets the name ‘Silicon Plateau’. Mumbai, New Delhi, Hyderabad, Chennai Gurgaon, Pune, Thiruvanathapuram, Kochi and Chandigarh are also important centres of the IT industry.

Location of Bangalore, Karnataka, India


Silicon Plateau, Bangalore

Factors guiding the location of IT industries in Bangalore

  • Bangalore enjoys a mild climate throughout the year.
  • Availability of middle and top management talent.
  • Bangalore has the largest number of educational institutions and IT colleges in India.
  • The city is dust free with low rents and cost of living.
  • The state government of Karnataka was the first to announce an IT Policy in 1992.
  • Bangalore is situated close to some of the most advanced scientific and technological centres in the world.
  • It is located close to major roads and airports.

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