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Bhopal Gas Tragedy


The Bhopal Gas Tragedy indicates that many of the safety measures that are stipulated under the Factories Act have not been adhered to by the company.

Now let us first see the magnitude of the tragedy




  • Union Carbide was an American Company which had a factory in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India, which produced pesticides.
  • At midnight on 2nd December, 1984, methyl-isocyanides, a highly poisonous gas - started leaking from the factory plant.
  • Within three days, more than 8,000 people were dead. Hundreds of thousands were maimed.
  • Most of those exposed to the poison gas came from poor, working-class families.
  • There are nearly 50,000 people today who are too sick to work.
  • Among those who survived, many developed severe respiratory disorders, eye problems and other disorders. Children developed peculiar abnormalities.
  • The Bhopal disaster is frequently cited as the world's worst industrial disaster

Reasons for the disaster

  • The MIC tank’s alarms had not worked for 4 years

  • The steam boiler, intended to clean the pipes, was out of action

  • Water sprays designed to "knock down" gas leaks were poorly designed

  • No action plans had been established to cope with incidents of this magnitude

  • The local authorities were not informed of the quantities or dangers of chemicals used and manufactured at the factory


The government has been taking steps to compensate the victims of the disaster. Yet one can say justice has not been done to the victims. The fight for justice still continues.


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