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Laws that Prevent Exploitation

As seen earlier, people are being exploited at ever turn of life.
  • Workers’ Wages
    Workers are denied fair wages by their employers. Workers who need a job badly accept low wages and are exploited by the employers.

    The government has passed many laws to guarantee that workers are not exploited by unscrupulous employers.

Some laws pertaining to workers’ wages:-

• Workmen's Compensation Act, 1923
• Payment of Wages Act, 1936
• Minimum Wages Act, 1948
• Payment of Bonus Act, 1965
• Payment of wages (Amendment) Act 2005

Now let us see how these Acts help the workers get their rightful wages

  • It ensures that workers are not underpaid
  • There is a law on minimum wages. A worker has to be paid not less than the minimum wage by the employer.   The minimum wages are revised upwards every few years.
  • These laws protect the interest of farm labourers, construction workers, factory workers and domestic workers.
  • Workers and Safety Measures
    It is the duty of factory owners to ensure the physical safety of all its employees. Many factories do not take adequate measures to ensure this.

    The government has passed the Factories Act, 1948

The Factories Act, 1948
It regulates health, safety, welfare and other working conditions of workers in factories.

It is enforced by the State Governments through their factory inspectorates.

Now let us see how this Act ensures a safe work-place

  • The act stipulates that alarm systems, emergency exits and properly functioning machinery are installed in factories.

  • All workers have to be given Medical Assistance if injured during working hours.

  • ESI benefits have to be extended to all workers and their family members.

  • Consumers’ Protection
    Manufacturers should produce quality goods so that consumers are not put to hardship due to poor quality of electrical appliances or food products.

    Many manufacturers produce sub-standard and adulterated products to enhance their profit without any consideration for the safety of the common consumer. The government has passed a rule stating that products should pass certain tests before they are marketed.

    The government passed the Consumer Protection Act

The Indian Standards Institution (ISI) was set up in 1947 as a registered society, under a Government of India resolution. It's the authority that checks the hygiene of all the eatables produced in India. The ISI mark ensures proper quality on eatables. It is now named Bureau of Indian Standards. Now the ISI mark is necessary for all electrical appliances.


Some of the other Certifications that are stipulated by the government
• Agmark Certification( Food products)
• Hallmark Certification ( Gold)
• ISO Certification ( Companies)

Now let us see how these certificates help the consumer

  • When a product has the ISI mark the consumer can be certain that the product is of good quality and it is safe.
  • Hall mark certification assures the consumer of the purity of gold they buy.
  • ISO certification assures the consumer that a company has a good Quality Management System.
  • Consumers might be put to risk by the poor quality of products such as electrical appliances, food, medicines if the government had not set up the Bureau of Indian Standards.
  • Pricing of Products
    The government has passed laws that ensure that essential products such as food grains sugar and kerosene are not highly priced.

    It is necessary that such restrictions are placed on people who market these products; otherwise the poor will not be able to afford these goods.
  • Environmental Protection
    Many factories discharge harmful wastes into water bodies. The smoke emitted from factories is also harmful to human beings.

    The government has passed laws to protect the environment and avert health hazards to humans.


Persons carrying on industry, operation, etc. are not to allow emission or discharge of environmental pollutants in excess of the standards as may be prescribed
  • This law ensures that the environment is clean and safe for all the citizens of the state.
  • The jaw helps protect the water bodies which are the main source of drinking water to the people of the country.
  • Clean surroundings and clean air pave the way for a healthy and prosperous society.
  • Child Labour
    Young children are being exploited at work places. They are made to work for long hours for very little wages. These children are being denied basic education which is very essential for them.

    The government has passed certain laws that will protect these children from being exploited.

Child Labour Prevention Act

No child who has not completed his fourteenth year shall be required or allowed to work in any factory
  • This law gives every child his right to education.
  • It ensures that children can have a healthy youthful life instead of working like adults.
  • Trade / Workers Unions
    Workers need to organise themselves so that they are not exploited by their employers. It is essential they join hands so that they get their rightful wages, bonus, conducive work environment and other rightful benefits due to them.

    The government has passed laws to ensure that workers are not exploited by their employers.

The Trade Unions Act, 1926

It provides for registration of trade unions with a view to render lawful organisation of labour to enable collective bargaining. It also confers on a registered trade union certain protection and privileges.
  • This law gives the right to workers to demand good working conditions.
  • They have a change to collectively raise their voice against any kind of exploitation by the employers.

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