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Some Important Points to Keep in Mind

 

Conjunction

A conjunction is a linking word that connects other words or groups of words

 

For example:

1. My brother and I went to the beach.

2. I didn’t go to school because I was ill.

3. Sarala will fly to Dubai if her father goes along.

4. Tom is very interested in Math whereas Mary is interested in English.

5. My brother wants to do marine engineering, therefore he has to study science.

                                                                                                     

 

Types of Conjunction


There are three types of conjunctions:
  1. Coordinating conjunctions
     
  2. Correlative conjunctions
     
  3. Subordinating conjunctions

Coordinating conjunctions are conjunctions which connect two equal parts of a sentence.

The most common ones are and, or, but, and so

 

Subordinating conjunctions, the largest class of conjunctions, connect subordinate clauses to a main clause.
 

These conjunctions are adverbs used as conjunctions.

Some of the more common subordinating conjunctions are:
 

after

before

unless

although

if

until

as

since

when

because

than

 

 

Correlative conjunctions are pairs of conjunctions that work together.

In the sentence- Both Jan and Meg are good swimmers, both . . .and are correlative conjunctions.
 

The most common correlative conjunctions are:
 

both . . .and

either . . . or

neither . . . nor

Not only…..but also

Whether…or

while

 

 



Linking words are essential for your writing to be natural and clear.

 

Linking words vary in relation to their position in the text.

For example
Some linking words normally form a link between clauses WITHIN a sentence. It is bad style to start a sentence with these words:
and, but, so, because, then, until, such as

 

Example:

Ram and Krishna have been friends for a long time.

I hurt my foot so, I couldn’t put on my shoes.

I like fruits such as apples, mangoes and bananas.
 

 

 

Some linking words are used to form a link BETWEEN sentences. These words must start with a capital letter and are usually immediately followed by a comma:

Example: Furthermore, Moreover, However, Nevertheless, Therefore, In conclusion,

Most linking words, however, can either start a sentence or form a link between sentences.
 

Example:

The discussion lasted for two hours. In conclusion, he said that we should dedicate ourselves to the cause.
I don’t like going to work late.

 

 However,sometimes the buses are packed and I get delayed
 

The following tables show more examples of conjunctions:
 

ONJUNCTION

WHAT IS LINKED

SAMPLE SENTENCES

and

noun phrase+noun phrase

We have tickets for the symphony and the opera.

but

sentence + sentence

The orchestra rehearses on Tuesday, but the chorus rehearses on Wednesday.

or

verb + verb

Have you seen or heard concerts by A R Rehaman.

so

sentence + sentence

I wanted to sit in the front of the balcony, so I ordered my tickets early.

 

TIME

CAUSE + EFFECT

OPPOSITION

CONDITION

after

because

although

if

before

since

though

unless

when

now that

even though

only if

while

as

whereas

whether or not

since

in order that

while

even if

until

so

 

in case (that)

 

More Examples of Conjunction
 

1. He has been studying in Bangalore since 2001.
 

2. When I was a child, I cried a lot.
 

3. Sita’s mother was ill so, she didn’t come to school.
 

4. Although he is very strong, he failed the test.
 

5. My brother likes fish whereas my sister hates fish.
 

6. Only if you get good marks you can get a seat in college.





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