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Distribution of Minerals in India


India is rich in mineral deposits. A wide variety of them are found many parts of India.



India has deposits of high grade iron ore.


States where iron ore is found: Jharkhand, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Maharashtra and Karnataka.


Bauxite is found in many states.


States where bauxite is found: Jharkhand, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu.


India is the largest producer and exporter of mica in the world.

States where mica is found: Jharkhand, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan.


Copper is mainly found in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.



Manganese deposits are found in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh,
Orissa, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.


States where limestone is found Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu.



Kolar in Karnataka has deposits of gold in India. These mines are among the deepest in the world.




India is one of the world’s leading producers and exporters of salt. It is obtained from seas, lakes and rocks.

  • Salt is a dietary mineral essential for animal life.
  • It is composed primarily of sodium chloride.
  • Salt for human consumption is produced in different forms. They are unrefined salt or sea salt, refined salt or table salt), and iodized salt.
  • Salt is a crystalline solid, white, pale pink or light grey in color.
  • Salt is obtained by evaporation of sea water, usually in shallow basins warmed by sunlight.
  • It is also obtained from rock deposits.
  • The top five producers of salt are the United States , China , Germany , India and Canada.
  • Salt is used in more than 14,000 commercial applications other than in cooking. It is used in the manufacture of pulp and paper and setting dyes in textiles and fabric. It is also used in producing soaps and detergents and for making snow-covered roads safe in winter.
    • Salt plays an essential role in our daily lives.


    Salt Produced by Evaporation of Sea Water


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