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Effects of Water Pollution

There are various effects of water pollution.

  • Spread of disease: Drinking polluted water can cause cholera or typhoid infections, along with diarrhea.
  • Affects body organs: The consumption of highly contaminated water can cause injury to the heart and kidneys.
  • Harms the food chain: Toxins within water can harm aquatic organisms, thus breaking a link in the food chain.
  • Causes algae in water: Urea, animal manure and vegetable peelings are food for algae. Algae grow according to how much waste is in a water source. Bacteria feed off the algae, decreasing the amount of oxygen in the water. The decreased oxygen causes harm to other organisms living in the water.
  • Flooding: The erosion of soil into waterways causes flooding, especially with heavy rainfall.
  • Harms animals: Birds that get into oil-contaminated water die from exposure to cold water and air due to feather damage. Other animals are affected when they eat dead fish in contaminated streams.
  • The effects of water pollution are not always immediate. They are not always seen at the point of contamination. They are sometimes never known by the person responsible for the pollution. However, water pollution has a huge impact on our lives. 

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