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Other Hormones Secreted by Endocrine Gland

Pituitary gland :-

Anterior pituitary lobe (adenohypophysis)

 

S. No

Secreted hormone

Effect

1.

Growth hormone

Stimulates growth and cell reproduction

Release Insulin from liver.

2.

Adrenocorticotrophic

hormone

Synthesis of corticosteroids in adrenocortical cells.

3.

Thyroid-stimulating

hormone

Stimulates thyroid gland to secrets thyroxine.

4.

Follicle-stimulating hormone

In females: Stimualtes maturation of Graffian follicles in ovary.

In males: Spermatogenesis enhances production of androgen-binding protein by the sertoli cells of the testes.

5.

Luteinizing hormone

In females: It stimulates ovulation

In males: It stimulation Leydig cell production of testosterone

6.

Prolactin

Stimulates milk production in mammary glands.


Posterior Pituitary lobe :
 

S. No

Hormone

Effects

1.

Oxytocin

Contraction of Cervix and vagina. Secretion of milk.

2.

Vasopressin

Retention of water in Kidneys Moderate vasoconstriction.

Thyroid gland


Path of hormone produced by the endocrine to their target organ

 

Pancreatic gland

The pancreas is both an endocrine gland (producing several important hormones, including insulin), as well as an exocrine gland (secreting pancreatic juice containing digestive enzymes) that pass to the small intestine. These enzymes help in the further breakdown of the carbohydrates, protein, and fat in the chyme.

 


 

Adrenal gland:

The adrenal glands, also known as suprarenal glands are the triangle-shaped endocrine glands that sit on top of the kidneys. They are chiefly responsible for regulating the stress response through the adrenaline.






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